Porosity is the measure of your hair's ability to absorb and retain moisture. When you look at a strand of hair using a microscope, a healthy strand has a smooth surface. On the other hand, a strand of high porosity hair looks rough since the cuticle is usually chipped or highly raised. This quality is what makes high porosity hair absorb and lose moisture fast.
Hair porosity is mainly determined by genetics. However, it can be caused by external factors such as heat damage and harsh chemicals.
If you have high porosity hair, you'll find that your hair absorbs moisture as well as hair products quickly. However, it loses that moisture fast which makes the hair look and feel dry. You will also find that your hair tangles easily in humid weather but becomes frizzy, dry and brittle during hot weather. This results in hair breakage.
How to take care of high porosity hair
Taking care of high porosity hair is not hard. Once you identify what it needs, you’ll be able to maintain healthy hair with ease. Here are 7 things you should do.
1. Be gentle on your hair
As a start, ensure that you only wash your hair with lukewarm water. You should avoid hot water since it enlarges the holes in the hair cuticles thus increasing the porosity. When it comes to drying your hair, use a cotton t-shirt instead of a towel. A t-shirt is gentle and will reduce the amount of frizz on your hair and reduce breakage. Finally, avoid manipulating your hair often by putting it in a protective style that works for you.
2. Go slow on the chemicals
Chemicals strip your hair of moisture thus making high porosity hair worse. To avoid this, reduce the amount of chemicals you use on your hair. This means that you should stay away from dyes and hair products that contain sodium laureth sulfates, sulfates, parabens and silicones. If you have to do any kind of chemical treatments, have it done by a professional. This way, you'll avoid inflicting more damage to your hair.
3. Deep Condition your hair often
Deep conditioning restores moisture to the hair. Ensure that you deep condition your high porosity hair every time you wash it, preferably on a weekly basis. So, if deep conditioning is not already part of your hair care routine, you need to start it now!
4. Use less heat on your hair
High heat is not good for all hair types. However, if your hair has high porosity, heat damage is more likely to occur. It is therefore advisable to stay away from heat if you can. If this is not an option for you, always make sure that you use a heat protecting product when applying heat on your hair. You should also use styling appliances on their lower setting to reduce heat intensity. Sure, it might take a longer to achieve your desired style, but it will be gentle on your hair.
5. Use products that are rich in moisture (thick products)
Moisturizing is an essential part of every hair care regimen. When it comes to high porosity hair, moisture is critical. Since this type of hair loses moisture fast, it is best to use thick hair products. These include thick leave-in conditioners and hair butters.
6. Protein treatments
Protein treatments should be done on a monthly basis. It helps restore the structure of the hair strands by sealing up the holes on the cuticle. Always get your protein treatment done by a professional hair stylist. If you do it yourself, follow the instructions given to the letter. If not done the right way, protein treatments end up inflicting more damage to your hair.
7. Seal with butters and oils (L.O.C)
We've emphasized the importance of moisture for high porosity hair. However, we need to keep in mind that high porosity hair loses moisture as fast as it takes it in. This is why you should seal it with oils or butters. The best sealants are heavy butters such as mango and Shea. You can also use oils such as coconut, avocado, almond, and cupuacu oil.
High porosity hair can be maintained in a healthy state by keeping it moisturized and sealed and avoiding harsh chemicals, high heat and high manipulation. Once you incorporate these actions into your hair care regimen, you’ll definitely notice an improvement in the look and feel of your hair. Just be consistent and you’ll get the results you are looking for.
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